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Ruling Dynasties of Delhi
Several theories float in history books about the existence of Pandavas. Few historians even believe that Pandavas are a part of Mythology and their is no proof of their existance. However, many historians have spent countless sleepless nights finding the details about Pandavas and have even claimed to have succeeded in finding the names of all rulers along with their exact ruling period. This information however is ambiguous and debateable. Common belief suggests that the period of their rule was before 800 BC.
As the story goes, the five Pandava brothers were given five villages namely Sonprastha (Sonepat), Panprastha (Panipat), Baghprastha (Baghpat), Tilprastha (Tilpat - Faridabad) and Khandavprastha (Indraprastha/Delhi). They fought the battle of Mahabharta ahead of their territory in Kurukshetra.
It is said that Tomars were successors of Arjuna of Pandava Dynasty. Raja Anangpal I of this Chandravanshi Puruvanshi Kshatriya Tomar clan, came to Dhillika and re-established the kingdom that once his forefathers had. Anangpal's successor Anangpal II built Lal Kot, the first fort of Delhi. It's wall still exist in Sanjay Van between Mehrauli and JNU. This dynasty did major development and established several towns around Delhi. They also established the Surajkund and Anangpur Dam. Their water reservoir within Lal Kot is known as Anangtal. This dynasty was in power from 736AD to 1180AD. In 1180, King Arkpal (Anangpal III) gifted the seat of Delhi to his grandson (daughter's son), the Chauhan king of Ajmer and left for pilgrimage.
Prithvi Raj Chauhan was the only king from Chauhan Rajpoot Dynasty to ever rule Delhi. He got the seat of Delhi when his maternal grandfather King Anangpal III, the Tomar ruler of Delhi left for pilgrimage. Anangpal's sons were too young to rule Delhi and therefore the decision of passing the seat temporarily was given to King Prithviraj. Some say that Prithvi refused to return Delhi to his grandfather and by that time, Mohd. of Ghor was also planning to attach Delhi. After multiple attacks, Prithviraj Chauhan was defeated in 1192 AD and Muhammad Ghori established the Ghorid Dynasty of Delhi.
During his rule, Prithviraj extended the walls of Lal Kot and built his bigger and stronfer fort, which was later known as Qila-i-Rai Pithora (Prithviraj Chauhan was also known as Rai Pithora).
Sultan Mu'izzuddīn Muḥammad Bin Sām of Ghor attacked Delhi multiple times and finally captured Prithvi Raj Chauhan. He took Chauhan to Ghor and after torturing him, he challanged him for an arrow shooting competition. Legend narrates that blinded chauhan shot arrow right through Muhammad Ghori after getting a tip from one of his courtiers. However, this story is not supported by enough historic evidences, except for the Prithviraj Rasao. According to other story (which has more strong evidences), he was assasinated near Jhelum while offering evening prayers. Till that time, he was ruling Delhi from his city of Ghazni and after his death, the seat was passed to his slave Qutubuddin Aibak, who started the Slave/Mamluk Dynasty.
Mamluk (Slave Dynasty) Dynasty
11 rulers of Slave dynasty from Sultan Qutubuddin Aibak to Sultan Shams-ud-din Kyomars ruled Delhi from 1206-1290. This dynasty also has the honor of having the only female ruler Raziyyat-ud-din Sultana (aka Razia Sultan), who rose to power after removing drunkard brother Rukn-ud-Din Firoz. Another ruler from this period Sultan Ghias-ud-din Balban created the first of true dome and true arch of Delhi. The oldest dome still exist as Lal Mahal (Kushk-i-Lal) in Nizamuddin Basti of Delhi. Second dome was created on Balban's Tomb, which is now lost. The roofless square tomb of Balban still stands proudly in Mehrauli Archaeological Park. Last second king Muiz-ud-din Kaiqabad (successor of Balban) built a beautiful mirror palace in a new town of Killu-Garhi (now called Kilokri). He was killed in his own palace and pieces were thrown into Yamuna river. His successor Shams-ud-din-Kyomars was able to rule for few days before Jalaluddin Firoz Khiji took over and started Khilji Dynasty.
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha